As an abstract construct, this culture was centered on the middle Gila and lower Salt River drainages  [ clarification needed ] in what is known as the Phoenix basin.
Supplementary Series[ edit ] Many Classic period inscriptions include a series of glyphs known as the Supplementary Series. The operation of this series was largely worked out by John E.
The Supplementary Series most commonly consists of the following elements: Lords of the Night[ edit ] Main article: Lords of the Night Each night was ruled by one of the nine lords of the underworld. This nine-day cycle was usually written as two glyphs: Lunar Series[ edit ] A lunar series generally is written as five glyphs that provide information about the current lunationthe number of the lunation in a series of six, the current ruling lunar deity and the length of the current lunation.
Moon age[ edit ] The Maya counted the number of days in the current lunation. They used two systems for the zero date of the lunar cycle: A new moon glyph was used for day zero in the lunar cycle.
D glyphs were used for lunar ages for days 1 through 19, with the number of days that had passed from the new moon. For lunar ages 20 to 30, an E glyph was used, with the number of days from Count of Lunations[ edit ] The Maya counted the lunations.
The C glyph could be prefixed with a number indicating the lunation. No prefixing number meant one, whereas the numbers two through six indicated the other lunations. As a whole number, the number of days per lunation will be either 29 or 30 days, with the day intervals necessarily occurring slightly more frequently than the day intervals.
The Maya wrote whether the lunar month was 29 or 30 days as two glyphs: These can also be found in the Dresden codex. The day count can be described several ways: Most of these are referred to using a "Y" glyph and a number.
The accompanying texts begin with a directional glyph and a verb for day-count phrases. Anderson  provides a detailed description of the day count.
Short count[ edit ] During the late Classic period the Maya began to use an abbreviated short count instead of the Long Count. An example of this can be found on altar 14 at Tikal. The concluding day 13 Ahau was followed by the re-entering first day 1 Imix.
This is the system as found in the colonial Books of Chilam Balam.Timeline allows students to create a graphical representation of an event or process by displaying items sequentially along a line.
Timelines can be organized by time of day, date, or event, and the tool allows users to create a label with short or long descriptive text. Maya Civilization: A Complete Overview Of The Maya History & Maya Mythology Understanding the mystical nature of the Maya religion and their belief in the balance of the universe are keys to understanding how the Maya lived and worshipped.
This book is a very brief version of Mayan civilization. A good and quick history of the Maya. It Reviews: 9. The Maya calendar is a system of calendars used in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and in many modern communities in the Guatemalan highlands, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico.
 The essentials of the Maya calendar are based upon a system which had been in common use throughout the region, dating back to at least the 5th century BCE. The civilisations of Central America (Mesoamerica) and the Pacific Coast of South America were roughly contemporary with the European Christian era.
Both were rapidly brought to an end by the Spanish conquest following on the voyages of discovery of Columbus. The conquerors immediately found.
Maya Civilization: A Complete Overview Of The Maya History & Maya Mythology Understanding the mystical nature of the Maya religion and their belief in the balance of the universe are keys to understanding how the Maya lived and worshipped. This book is a very brief version of Mayan civilization.
A good and quick history of the Maya. It Reviews: 7. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.